The Science Behind It
The cells of algae and aquatic plants can be thought of as a series of well-engineered structures. These structures are made of complex proteins, carbohydrates, lipids, and minerals. Chlorophyll is stored within the chloroplasts in the cell, and chlorophyll is how a plant gets it energy to grow from sunlight. This intricate framework allows algae and aquatic plants to grow and thrive while aiding in resistance to chemical treatments.
Improving the performance of contact algaecides and aquatic herbicides
Contact algaecides (copper products, peroxides, and diquat) must contact the cell wall and enter the cell to be effective. Lack of penetration and intercellular movement of these chemistries reduces their effectiveness. PondZilla Pro degrades dead plant cell walls and weakens cellular integrity when used with an algaecide formulation. Killing all susceptible cells reduces the risk of algae developing any resistance to chemical treatments.
Some filamentous algaes, Pithophora for example, use akinetes (“survival cells”) to store vital growth components and protect themselves from distress. These cells are characterized by thick cell walls. The reinforced outer cell wall pictured above is visible by its opacity in comparison to adjoining cells. This helps the cells resist chemical attack and allows for regrowth when conditions become more favorable. PondZilla Pro dissolves the walls of dead cells and akinetes and breaks down stored carbohydrates when combined with contact algaecides.
Systemic herbicides (i.e. glyphosate, imazapyr, or triclopyr) travel through the cell disrupting processes such as amino acid synthesis, cell division, and photosynthesis. Systemic herbicides tend to work slower, but they do translocate into multiple parts of the plant (1). However, herbicide resistance has been studied in detail (2) and can reduce overall treatment performance and consistency. For this reason, we focus on a complete degradation of the dead plant structure and aquatic herbicide dispersion to all susceptible cells.
When combined with systemic herbicides, PondZilla Pro speeds movement into the cells by breaking down the cellular framework of dead cells, promoting rapid nutrient recovery, and decomposing dead plant material from the inside out. PondZilla Pro works synergistically with systemic herbicides and ensures thorough and complete degradation of dead aquatic plants.
This graph illustrates the effect PondZilla Pro has on the efficiency of algaecides. The data was gathered by Aquafix over an extended period of time during product testing. An algaecide mixed with PondZilla Pro shows an immediate jump in efficiency over an algaecide used alone, working over 4 times better when applied properly.
NOTE: PondZilla Pro DOES NOT kill aquatic plants or algae.
After applicators for this 3 acre pond controlled one Pithophora outbreak, they were hit with another. They sent samples into Aquafix for testing, which showed their pond had Oedogonium and Calothrix, as well as Pithophora. We recommended treating the pond with PondZilla Pro and MD Pellets. The applicators mixed the PondZilla Pro in with their algaecide and treated the algae, and then returned two weeks later and treated the pond with MD Pellets.This graph shows the time it took- from receiving testing to the last of the algae degrading- to resolve the pond’s issues. PondZilla Pro was able to act as an adjuvant for the algaecide and aid in the complete degradation of the dead algae. The MD Pellets then worked with the indigenous bacteria to fixate excess nutrients in the water. These products not only helped the applicators get rid of the algae for good, but also clarified the water.